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The Political Economy of Transitions to Peace

The Political Economy of Transitions to Peace: A Comparative Perspective

Galia Press-Barnathan
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qh5vh
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    The Political Economy of Transitions to Peace
    Book Description:

    Much attention has focused on the ongoing role of economics in the prevention of armed conflict and the deterioration of relations. InThe Political Economy of Transitions to Peace,Galia Press-Barnathan focuses on the importance of economics in initiating and sustaining peaceful relations after conflict.

    Press-Barnathan provides in-depth case studies of several key relationships in the post-World War II era: Israel and Egypt; Israel and Jordan; Japan, the Philippines, and Indonesia; Japan and South Korea; Germany and France; and Germany and Poland. She creates an analytical framework through which to view each of these cases based on three factors: the domestic balance between winners and losers from transition to peace; the economic disparity between former enemies; and the impact of third parties on stimulating new cooperative economic initiatives. Her approach provides both a regional and cross-regional comparative analysis of the degree of success in maintaining and advancing peace, of the challenges faced by many nations in negotiating peace after conflict, and of the unique role of economic factors in this highly political process.

    Press-Barnathan employs both liberal and realist theory to examine the motivations of these states and the societies they represent. She also weighs their power relations to see how these factor into economic interdependence and the peace process. She reveals the predominant role of the state and big business in the initial transition phase ("cold" peace), but also identifies an equally vital need for a subsequent broader societal coalition in the second, normalizing phase ("warm" peace). Both levels of engagement, Press-Barnathan argues, are essential to a durable peace. Finally, she points to the complex role that third parties can play in these transitions, and the limited long-term impact of direct economic side-payments to the parties.

    eISBN: 978-0-8229-7358-4
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. 1 BEYOND COMMERCIAL LIBERALISM: Conceptualizing the Political Economy of Transitions to Peace
    (pp. 1-32)

    Since the end of the cold war, there has been growing interest in the links between economics and security. The literature dealing with these links has focused on three issues: the links between economic interdependence and conflict, economic statecraft (most notably the use of economic sanctions), and the broadening of the concept of security to include economic and social factors.¹ Much of the debate about the power of economic interactions to advance peace is a reflection of traditional debates between the two main paradigms of international relations: realism and liberalism. In recent years there has been a growing body of...

  2. 2 SHIFTING PRIORITIES: Egypt and Israel’s Attempts at Peacemaking
    (pp. 33-56)

    The signing of a peace treaty by Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian president Anwar Sadat on March 26, 1979, was truly a historic moment. After thirty years during which the Arab world refused to accept the legitimate right of the state of Israel to exist and after three bloody wars, Egypt was the first Arab state to acknowledge Israel and sign a peace treaty with it. On the one hand, this peace treaty managed to survive various challenges, from the murder of President Sadat, to the Israeli war in Lebanon, to the two intifadas. This durability is in...

  3. 3 THE LIMITS OF PEACEMAKING FROM ABOVE: Jordan and Israel’s Stalled Peace Process
    (pp. 57-81)

    While the peace treaty between Jordan and Israel was signed only in October 1994, fifteen years after the treaty between Egypt and Israel, many felt that it had greater potential for generating a “warm peace.” Indeed, the history of relations between Jordan and Israel has included both enduring conflict and tacit strategic cooperation. Jordan fought against the new state of Israel in 1948 and again in 1967, consequently losing its control over the west bank of the Jordan River and over East Jerusalem. Since then, both countries have been part of a complex triangular relationship—Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian. Until...

  4. 4 POSTWAR RELATIONS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: Japan, the Philippines, and Indonesia
    (pp. 82-106)

    In a marked contrast to the two Middle Eastern cases presented in chapters 2 and 3, the transition to peace between Japan and the countries of Southeast Asia has been primarily a success story. Many international relations scholars tend to talk about Southeast Asia as a whole, especially since the successful development of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This chapter looks at Japan’s “return” to Southeast Asia in the aftermath of World War II by examining its experience with Indonesia and the Philippines. Looking at the bilateral rather than regional level is important, especially for understanding the dynamics...

  5. 5 GOVERNMENT AND BIG BUSINESS: Normalizing Relations between Japan and South Korea
    (pp. 107-132)

    Unlike the occupation of the Philippines and Indonesia, which lasted only three years, Japan’s occupation of Korea lasted from 1910 until 1945. It took twenty more years for a normalization treaty to be signed, in 1965. Even then, the treaty triggered massive domestic opposition in the Republic of Korea (hereafter ROK or South Korea). Economic relations between the two countries, however, developed and even flourished over the years. These intense and highly developed economic relations did not spill over into the cultural-social sphere until the late 1990s, however. This case raises several interesting issues that shed light on the role...

  6. 6 THE “CLASSIC” CASE IN PERSPECTIVE: France and Germany from War to Union
    (pp. 133-159)

    Much of the theoretical literature on the logic of commercial liberalism, especially its early roots, either builds upon or is inspired by the Franco-German transition to peace after the end of World War II. One of the goals of this book was to move away from the Eurocentric bias of that literature by examining the role of economic factors in transitions to peace in other regions of the world, especially the Middle East and East and Southeast Asia. This chapter now turns back to the allegedly classic case of commercial liberalism. Unlike the cases discussed in previous chapters, cooperative activities...

  7. 7 FROM ENEMIES TO PARTNERS: The Polish-German Transition to Peace
    (pp. 160-183)

    The transformation of German-Polish relations since the end of World War II has been dramatic. Relations between these two countries have a history of bitterness dating back to the late eighteenth century, when Germans ruled over Poles. German rule may have brought technological progress, but it also crushed Polish insurrections and tried to “Germanize” Polish children.¹ The period of Nazi Germany’s occupation of Poland between 1939 and 1945 was a brutal one. Mass expulsions of Poles from territories annexed to Germany were conducted, more than 6 million Poles perished during the war, and Polish culture was destroyed. To complicate things...

  8. 8 POLITICS, ECONOMICS, AND PEACE: Setting Realistic Expectations
    (pp. 184-202)

    The transformation of German-Polish relations since the end of World War II has been dramatic. Relations between these two countries have a history of bitterness dating back to the late eighteenth century, when Germans ruled over Poles. German rule may have brought technological progress, but it also crushed Polish insurrections and tried to “Germanize” Polish children.¹ The period of Nazi Germany’s occupation of Poland between 1939 and 1945 was a brutal one. Mass expulsions of Poles from territories annexed to Germany were conducted, more than 6 million Poles perished during the war, and Polish culture was destroyed. To complicate things...