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George Washington in the Ohio Valley

George Washington in the Ohio Valley

HUGH CLELAND
Copyright Date: 1955
https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt9qh6dp
Pages: 444
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qh6dp
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  • Book Info
    George Washington in the Ohio Valley
    Book Description:

    This book chronicles Washington's excursions to the Ohio Valley frontier, as a soldier and private citizen. Through newspaper accounts, letters, and the journals of Washington and his contemporaries, we learn much about the man's leadership qualities, military skills, his honor and integrity, and how his life was shaped by his journeys that spanned nearly half a century to what was then known as the Western Country.

    eISBN: 978-0-8229-7537-3
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
    HUGH GREGG CLELAND
  2. Foreword
    (pp. xi-xiv)
    JOHN W. OLIVER

    In the midst of Pittsburgh’s bicentennial celebrations (1953, Location Day; Battle of Fort Necessity; 1955, Braddock’s Defeat; and 1958, the conquest by the English of the Forks of the Ohio), at a most appropriate time, appears this interesting book,George Washington in the Ohio Valley. In its pages, through his own accounts and those of his contemporaries, we live with George Washington for nearly half a century on his seven journeys into the Ohio Valley to deal with the problems of the frontier. We meet him first in 1753, a youth of twenty-one, in the role of ambassador to the...

  3. Ambassador to the French Fort LeBoeuf October 31, 1753—January 16, 1754
    (pp. xv-56)

    When George Washington first set foot on the western slopes of the Alleghenies, late in the autumn of 1753, he entered a wilderness soon to be a battleground for two European civilizations. Britain and France both claimed the Ohio Valley and rapidly were approaching armed conflict to defend their claims. And that was not all. The powerful Iroquois confederation of Indians claimed it as their private hunting grounds; and traders from Virginia and Pennsylvania, scheming for priority in trade with the Indians, represented rival colonial claims.

    The upper Ohio Valley, including what is now Western Pennsylvania, had been only Indian...

  4. Colonel in the Virginia Militia Fort Necessity April 2, 1754—July 9, 1754
    (pp. 57-116)

    When young Major Washington, on January 16, 1754, delivered the French commander’s reply to Governor Dinwiddie, the Governor’s worst suspicions were confirmed: the French were moving into the Ohio Valley. And—adding insult to injury—the French Captain Joncaire had told Washington that any action by the English would be “too slow and dilatory to prevent any undertaking” of the French. With this taunt spurring him on, Dinwiddie energetically set about to thwart the French advance.

    The Governor did not have at his immediate command either troops or funds for raising troops, and the House of Burgesses, the lower chamber...

  5. Aide-de-camp to General Edward Braddock Battle of the Monongahela June–July, 1755
    (pp. 117-150)

    When Colonel George Washington rode into Williamsburg on July 17, 1754, to report personally to Governor Dinwiddie the defeat at Fort Necessity, his military fortunes were at a low ebb. In the months following, however, they sank even lower, before soaring again to honor and distinction.

    As was inevitable, Washington received much of the blame for the unsuccessful campaign. He was accused of bad judgment. It was said, further, that he had attempted too much on his own, that he should have waited for reinforcements which were on the way, that his motive had been to win all the glory...

  6. Virginia Colonel With General John Forbes Fort Pitt April–December, 1758
    (pp. 151-230)

    Fleeing waggoners were the first to reach Fort Cumberland at Wills Creek with wild tales of the disaster that had befallen Braddock’s army on the Monongahela. The dispirited army which followed them had not been annihilated, as the first mad rumors had reported. Indeed, had the campaign been planned intelligently, these troops under Colonel Thomas Dunbar, many of whom had seen no action, might have taken Fort Duquesne.

    Between the site of battle and the base at Fort Cumberland, however, there was neither fortification nor supply depot to which the army could fall back. And by the time Dunbar’s men...

  7. Land Scout In the Ohio Country October–December, 1770
    (pp. 231-270)

    Newly christened Pittsburgh was desolate and chill in the winter of 1758 as temporary shelters were raised slowly on the ruins the French had made of their once-proud Fort Duquesne. Washington was turning his back on it—on the tatterdemalion garrison, on the recently hostile savages still camped at the Forks, on the very war itself. To a more introspective man, departure from the scene would, no doubt, have been the occasion for welling memories of the more than five years he had given to the struggle for this ground. But Washington was not introspective, and anyway, he was bone-tired...

  8. Landlord and Expansionist: 1784
    (pp. 271-330)

    George Washington left Western Pennsylvania in 1770, an Englishman, a subject of the King of Great Britain; and Pennsylvania was one of His Majesty’s Dominions Beyond the Seas. He returned in 1784, not an Englishman, but an American; and Pennsylvania, like Virginia, was one of the free and sovereign United States. No man had done more than Washington to bring this about.

    During the years of fighting the Revolution Washington did not get back to the Ohio Valley where he had first heard the whistle of bullets. As a matter of fact, the war forced him to postpone a trip...

  9. President of The United States: 1794
    (pp. 331-396)

    When Washington returned from a visit to his Western lands in 1784, there was as yet no clearly defined program for the political structure of the United States.

    On the one hand, Washington was concerned with tying the lands and peoples beyond the mountains to the eastern seaboard. There he was a nationalist, and there he anticipated the major convictions which were to mark his career as a statesman, a career which still lay ahead of him. On the other hand, he wanted, even more, to tie the West to Virginia rather than to the confederation as a whole, and...