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Remaking Brazil

Remaking Brazil: Contested National Identites in Contemporary Brazilian Cinema

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  • Book Info
    Remaking Brazil
    Book Description:

    This book explores conflicting conceptions of Brazilian national identity as they are expressed in contemporary Brazilian cinema, especially those revolving around the long-standing claim that Brazil is a racial democracy.

    eISBN: 978-0-7083-2516-2
    Subjects: Film Studies

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
    (pp. ix-x)
    Geraint H. Jenkins
  2. 1 ‘On the Banks of the Daw’
    (pp. 1-28)

    In July 1793 William Winterbotham, a thirty-year-old assistant minister at How’s Lane Particular Baptist Church, Plymouth, was plucked from relative obscurity and thrust into the public limelight when he was sentenced at the Exeter assizes to a fine of £200 and four years in prison for preaching sedition in his sermons.¹ This unlikely standard-bearer of civil liberties was bundled off to Newgate prison, the most notorious gaol in Britain. Dubbed ‘a prototype of hell’² by Henry Fielding, Newgate was regarded as the English equivalent of the Bastille. Yet, by greasing the palm of the gaoler, visitors were allowed to attend...

  3. 2 ‘I was always pushing forward’
    (pp. 29-46)

    There are several passages in Iolo’s drafts of his memoirs or correspondence, especially those written for the benefit of well-born people in England in the 1790s, which stretch credulity to snapping point. Among them are his claim that he had lived the life of a hermit in an ‘obscure part of the kingdom . . . a very sequestered corner of Wales’.¹ The truth is, however, that Glamorgan became the most productive, commercialized and progressive county in Wales during the second half of the eighteenth century. The localism of the past was being undermined by the traffic in goods, people...

  4. 3 ‘When he nobly for Liberty stood’
    (pp. 47-78)

    The period between Iolo’s return to Glamorgan in 1777 and the outbreak of the French Revolution marked a decisive turning-point in his career. These were turbulent years, packed with many unhappy personal incidents, mis -adventures and misfortunes, not all of which were of his own making but which nevertheless left him deeply embittered. He took a wife, who bore him three children in this period, but his hopes of pursuing a lucrative career as a stonecutter were dashed by his chronic inability to handle his wife’s debt-ridden inheritance and his own personal finances. Marital life brought ‘too many cares and...

  5. 4 ‘The Unparalleled Eventfulness of this Age’
    (pp. 79-122)

    The year 1789 has a twofold significance in the history of humankind: the federal constitution of the United States of America came into being in the First Congress, and the storming of the Bastille signalled the outbreak of revolution in France. Having already relished promoting the cause of local liberties in Glamorgan, Iolo Morganwg now began to immerse himself in international political debate and draw inspiration from dramatic events which offered new and attractive models of government to those who had tired of theancien régime. Both Atlantic revolutions embodied similar principles, including popular sovereignty, republicanism and the rights of...

  6. 5 ‘[He] is now a seller of seditious Books and will be planting Treason wherever he goes’
    (pp. 123-162)

    As Iolo made his way home on foot, belatedly delivering sets of his Poems to some subscribers en route, he took bed and lodgings in Bristol for several nights. Although he greatly admired the city’s fine architecture, he was rather less impressed by the ‘Idiotic Dullness’¹ of its citizens. His animus against them dated from his earlier altercation with William Bulgin, an abrasive champion of the slave trade, and his disgust on witnessing the manner in which Bristolians had celebrated the rejection of Wilberforce’s anti-slavery bill in 1791 by ringing the bells of St Mary Redcliffe Church, firing cannon on...

  7. 6 ‘I have as much Cimbric patriotism as any man living’
    (pp. 163-208)

    By closing down Iolo’s politically radical channels of expression – his shop in Cowbridge and his Gorseddau on local mountain tops – the authorities probably believed that they had successfully sidelined if not silenced this troublemaker. But Ned Williams, the self-styled ‘very wicked’ Welsh bard,¹ had no intention of yielding to what he called ‘the Terrorism of Mr. Pitt’.² His maverick spirit and ego meant that he would always be at odds with main stream opinion. Revelling in his individuality and his reputation for subversive activity, following his return to Wales in 1795 he also left his stamp by deliberately rebelling against...

  8. 7 ‘I am what I am, and I most fervently thank God that I am what I am’
    (pp. 209-244)

    By the time of the foundation of the Unitarian Society of South Wales in 1802, Iolo was fifty-five and had completed two-thirds of his multifaceted and turbulent life. He could easily have been forgiven by his dwindling number of politically-radical friends had he decided to keep his head down and await more congenial times. But even during these dark days of war, persecution and bigotry, he continued to question and challenge prevailing norms, promote heterodox ideas and project himself as an active political figure. Indeed, he prided himself on being seen as one who was always ready to dispute with...