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Research Report

Guidebook on integrating community-based adaptation into REDD+ projects: Lessons from Indonesia and the Philippines

Emilia Pramova
Bruno Locatelli
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2013
Pages: 72
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-5)

    Efforts to tackle climate change are often divided into mitigation approaches and adaptation approaches. Given that mitigation is usually a global priority and adaptation a local priority, practitioners and planners may find it difficult to bridge the scales and ensure that mitigation projects address adaptation concerns and vice versa.

    This guidebook demonstrates how community-based adaptation (CBA) can be integrated into mitigation activities, such as reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) projects, by incorporating such methods as vulnerability analysis, participatory research and cost–benefit analysis. The use of multiple methods makes it possible not only to link scales but also...

  2. (pp. 6-41)

    A desktop vulnerability analysis is important for gathering existing data and background information, and it contributes to a baseline of vulnerabilities. The desktop climate and vulnerability analysis can cover the entire district or province in which the REDD+ project is being conducted. It can be guided by the vulnerability framework, where vulnerability is considered as a function of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity (Figure 2). This type of analysis should be viewed as ‘preliminary’, as stakeholder consultations at both community and broader levels will be needed to validate and supplement findings. Attempts should be made to discuss and verify findings...

  3. (pp. 42-42)

    This guidebook has set out a five-step approach to integrating CBA into REDD+ projects by using multiple methods. In addition to a desktop review on vulnerability to climate change (Step 1) using climate data, a combination of participatory methods is proposed to capture the voices of multiple stakeholders at the community and broader levels. Steps 2 and 3 focused on the use of participatory workshops to bridge levels (e.g. community and provincial). Step 3 in particular involved consultations with stakeholders and different levels of analysis to examine the linkages between adaptation interventions and REDD+. Step 4, however, was much more...