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Research Report

The context of REDD+ in Cameroon: Drivers, agents and institutions

Guy Patrice Dkamela
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2011
Pages: 80
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-4)

    This study forms part of Component 1 of the Global Comparative Study on REDD+ (GCS-REDD) conducted by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). The aim of the GCS-REDD is to inform decision-makers, practitioners and donors on what is likely to work, and what is not, in the REDD+ mechanism currently being discussed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since the 14th Conference of the Parties (COP 14) in Poznań, Poland, in 2008, a consensus has been reached on the scope of the mechanism, i.e. that it should play a role both in the reduction of...

  2. (pp. 5-14)

    Data on forest cover in Cameroon are considered to be the best in Central Africa (Wilkie and Laporte 2001). However, related statistics are sometimes inconsistent and contradictory. Between 1980 and 2000, various estimates by research scientists and institutions put forest cover at somewhere between 33% (15 533 000 ha) and 54% (24 980 000 ha) of the national territory (see statistics compiled by Ickowitz 2006). One of the main reasons behind this inconsistency is the use of different methodologies, especially the use of different definitions of ‘forest’. Furthermore, depending on the source, the size of Cameroon varies slightly: 46 540...

  3. (pp. 15-29)

    In this section, forest governance is first considered from the perspective of Cameroon’s international commitments with regard to forests, biodiversity and climate change. The country’s efforts to implement the international and regional instruments of the conventions and agreements it has signed are then assessed, highlighting problems of forest governance linked to corruption and capacity, amongst other things. Finally, lessons are drawn for deploying the REDD+ mechanism in Cameroon.

    Cameroon has signed, ratified or adopted the leading regional and global instruments on forests, biodiversity and climate change. The country’s involvement with international processes has been acknowledged, in particular at the United...

  4. (pp. 30-36)

    By adopting a diachronic approach, several studies, including Ndoye and Kaimowitz (2000), have identified 4 periods during which national macroeconomic, agricultural and monetary policies and international market prices for raw materials placed various kinds of pressure on forest cover in Cameroon. During the first period (1967–1976), most agriculture was for domestic consumption, rural out-migration was minor and the only real factor that caused new lands to be cropped was growth in the forest population. Government policy on coffee and cocoa prices did not encourage large numbers of farmers to enter the sector.

    The second period (1977–1985) was marked...

  5. (pp. 37-45)

    Cameroon ratified the UNFCCC on 19 October 1994 and the Kyoto Protocol on 23 July 2002, but has yet to create a policy document on climate change or an operational plan to implement these 2 instruments. The first national document on climate change, made public in 2005 (MINEF 2005), sets out a long list of climate-support activities that are related mostly to instruments and operational plans connected to the Rio Declaration of 1992. Other notable documents are the 1995 National Forest Action Programme (NFAP) adopted in 1996, the National Environmental Management Plan (NEMP) adopted in 1996, the National Biodiversity Strategy...

  6. (pp. 46-49)

    Considering the institutional and current governance context, what success factors or barriers condition the effectiveness of REDD+? One advantage that Cameroon has, which could facilitate the establishment of REDD+, is the existence of institutions that already have experience in forest management and could be enrolled and adapted. Theoretically, the separation between the ministry in charge of conservation and forest production (MINFOF) and the ministry in charge of controlling environmental standards (MINEP) makes sense: having an institution that specialises in the application of environmental standards increases the chances of this happening. In the context of REDD+, emissions reduction activities in both...