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Research Report

Gender, tenure and community forests in Uganda

Abwoli Y. Banana
Mohamed Bukenya
Eusobio Arinaitwe
Betty Birabwa
Silvester Ssekindi
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2012
Pages: 48
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-3)

    There are about 4.9 million hectares (ha) of forest in Uganda (24% of the present total land area) (Forest Dept. 2003). The forest resources comprise areas classified as savanna woodland (80.5%), natural forest (tropical high forest, 18.7%) and forest plantations (less than 1%). In terms of land ownership, 70% of the forest area is on private and customary land, while 30% is in the permanent forest estate (PFE), such as forest reserves (central and local), national parks and wildlife reserves. However, Uganda has the highest annual rate of deforestation in eastern Africa. Forest cover fell by 15% between 1990 and...

  2. (pp. 4-5)

    This study was conducted in three districts of Uganda: Mpigi, Masaka and Rakai, which are part of the Lake Victoria agroecological zone (Figure 1). Altitudes of the study area range from approximately 1,100 m above sea level in the valleys to 1,200 m above sea level on the hilltops. The area receives between 1,500 mm and 1,800 mm of rainfall per year. The topography is characterised by regularly spaced, flat-topped hills. The vegetation in this agroecological zone is characterised as a tropical, moist evergreen forest/savanna mosaic (Barbour et al. 1987; Howard 1991). Hillsides were once covered with forests, but are...

  3. (pp. 6-7)

    To explore the extent to which gender features in projects and programmes, we conducted key informant interviews with personnel in organisations in the forest and natural resources sector. National organisations studied included the National Forest Authority (NFA), Forest Sector Support Department (FSSD), National Forestry Resources Research Institute, Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE), Ministry of Gender, Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Makerere University, Ndejje University and Nyabyeya Forestry College. Interviews were also conducted with personnel of local government, local and international NGOs and development agencies that had past and or current forest projects. After an initial situation analysis/institutional mapping,...

  4. (pp. 8-31)

    Following the forest governance reforms, the National Forestry and Tree Planting Act 2003 promotes the participation of various stakeholders in the management of forest resources in the country. Communities participate in the management of forest reserves through the collaborative forest management (CFM) scheme with the National Forest Authority (NFA) and District Forest Services (DFS); this is in addition to the management of on-farm trees and forests on private and customary land. NGOs and CBOs build capacity in local communities to enhance their ability to participate in forest management. They also provide funds for the advocacy of sound forestry and environmental...