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Research Report

REDD+ politics in the media: A case study from Tanzania

Demetrius Kweka
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2013
Pages: 32
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-1)

    Climate change poses a myriad of threats to human beings and socioeconomic development. Up to one-quarter of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change are from deforestation and degradation of forests (IPCC 2007). Therefore, sustainable forest management and conservation and restoration of woodlands are key responses to climate change. Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) is an agreed mechanism by the international community to mitigate climate change, while securing other environmental services. The REDD+ mechanism intends to achieve this by providing financial incentives for maintaining and enhancing carbon stocks in forests and trees. REDD+ has...

  2. (pp. 2-5)

    Several events have shaped the development of REDD+ in Tanzanian media coverage. The REDD+ policy process in Tanzania started after the Conference of Parties (COP² 13) in Bali in 2007 (Bali Action Plan) when Norway launched its international climate and forest initiative; the Royal Norwegian Embassy (RNE) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania proposed Tanzania as pilot country. Tanzania and Norway signed the letter of intent in 2008, which is considered a key starting point of the REDD+ policy process and as a formal commitment by the Government of Norway to support REDD+ in Tanzania.

    The signing of the letter of...

  3. (pp. 5-7)

    The analysis of print media articles in Tanzania followed the methodology outlined in Di Gregorio et al. (2012), and is based on a predefined code book to investigate content and actors and their position statements (stances) in the media. The study selected three newspapers in Tanzania: The Daily News, The Guardian and Nipashe. The selections were based on circulation rate, the political spectrum they cover, language, and availability both in print and online. This ensured good representation in terms of the information reaching the general public and policy makers. All selected newspapers are based in the economic heart of the...

  4. (pp. 7-17)

    The study analyzed how media are shaping the REDD+ discourse in Tanzania. However, the search keywords used during data collection were more general, encompassing climate change in general, including deforestation, degradation, REDD+, global warming or Kyoto Protocol. During analysis, the study first looked at numbers of articles by comparing those reported about general climate change issues and those reported specifically about REDD+. A total of 403 articles were collected from the three newspapers and entered into an MS Access database. All told, 54%, or 166 articles, were collected from The Daily News while 29% (118) and 17% (69) were from...

  5. (pp. 17-18)

    By analyzing the content of national media articles since the concept of REDD+ was introduced and by adding perspective into the coded REDD+ articles’ data, this study concludes that Tanzania is actively involved in REDD+ both by developing supportive policies and by implementing projects on the ground primarily with support from Norway. The media reflect the general agreement, support for and optimism about REDD+ by various stakeholders. REDD+ is seen as a source of additional income for local communities and as a mechanism to curb deforestation. The main concerns expressed are whether its implementation will be effective and cost efficient,...