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Research Report

REDD+ politics in the media: A case study from Peru

Javier Perla Alvarez
Daniela Freundt Montero
Eduardo Burga Barrantes
Talía Postigo Takahashi
Mary Menton
Copyright Date: Jan. 1, 2014
Pages: 54
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-2)

    Since the beginning of the negotiations at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), forests have always been a controversial issue. In 1997, the Conference of the Parties (COP) agreed to establish the Kyoto Protocol, which excluded greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and sequestration from forests. The arguments to support this were, among others, that the largest forest area in the world is located in the northern hemisphere, especially in developed countries with a high GHG removal potential, and that the inclusion of forest credits could flood the market with cheap and easy-to-trade carbon certificates. It was argued that...

  2. (pp. 3-4)

    At the national level, the high potential for forests is evident. Peru has the second largest forest area of any country in Latin America. Forests cover 60% of the national territory. Moreover, Peru has 39 million ha of forests allocated to timber extraction. However, adequate forestry activities have not yet been developed, which means the forestry sector represents only 1%–4% of gross domestic product (GDP). Natural forest cover is mainly located in the Amazon, while coastal dry forests represent less than 1% of national forest cover (MINAM 2010).

    In Peru, the main source of GHG emissions is the conversion...

  3. (pp. 5-8)

    This chapter will provide a brief explanation of the importance of the media in Peru and in the two regions studied here. It will then provide a review of these media and their scope.

    As mentioned above, the media serve as a tool to disseminate information and as a source of knowledge. Moreover, it is through the media that people’s thoughts and discourses can be influenced and guided.

    According to a study on the level of public confidence in the institutions of Lima and Callao, which was published by the University of Lima in 2007, the media play an important...

  4. (pp. 9-16)

    This study is part of the GCS-REDD+, which has been evaluating early REDD+ processes and projects at a global level. GCS component 1 is focused on analyzing REDD+ processes and policies at the national and subnational levels in 12 countries. As previously mentioned, the media are an important part of these processes, particularly in terms of information dissemination and creation of national and local discourses. For this reason, the GCS has developed a methodology to analyze the discourses in national and subnational print media (the press) (Di Gregorio et al. 2012). In studying the media in Peru, we used two...

  5. (pp. 17-35)

    The results of the assessments in both stages of the study are discussed below.

    For the national analysis, 33 articles were assessed for G1 (keywords ‘REDD’, ‘deforestación evitada’ (avoided deforestation) and ‘reducción de emisiones + deforestación’ (reduced emissions + deforestation); and 203 articles for G2 (keywords ‘cambio climático + bosques’ (climate change + forests). It should be noted that there is some overlap in the number of articles, which means that the total number of reviewed articles does not equal the sum of articles identified for each of the groups, as can be observed in Figure 2.

    Thus, there is...

  6. (pp. 36-37)

    As discussed above, there are a limited number of articles about environmental issues in both stages of the study, REDD+ being rarely mentioned. Moreover, few articles provide a deeper analysis of the issue. There are even relevant events that have not been identified in the articles found. This has considerably hindered the analysis because it is very difficult to draw conclusions from the few articles found. Thus clear trends cannot be discerned, except where one of the variables is more prominent than others. As stated by Tania García of DAR, there is no continuity in the coverage of environmental issues,...