Despite the significant issues for collective defense raised by the Russian actions noted above, an effective defense of the Baltics is nonetheless well within NATO’s capacity. The RAND analysis makes an important, but relatively obvious, point: larger, heavier forces generally will prevail over lighter, smaller forces especially in meeting engagements with no other significant defensive capabilities available. But the calculus can be turned in NATO’s favor.
There are five key steps NATO should take:
1. Enhance capacity for warning and analysis to increase NATO responsiveness.
2. Provide direct defense capabilities for the Baltic nations
3. Enhance forward presence and reinforcement.
4. Establish an effective...