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Research Report


Rémy Leveau
Copyright Date: Sep. 1, 1992
Pages: 27
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. None)

    The perception of Islamic movements has been marked in Europe since 1979 by images of the Iranian revolution: hostages in the American Embassy, support for international terrorism, incidents at the mosque in Mecca and the Salman Rushdie affair. The dominant rhetoric of the FIS (Islamic Salvation Front) in Algeria, which has since 1989 presented a similar image of rejection of internal state order and of the international system, strengthens the feeling of an identity of aims and of a bloc of hostile attitudes. If such a simplistic analysis were accepted, the need for careful thought on the rhetoric and practice...

  2. (pp. None)

    The interruption of this process by a legalised military coup d’état on 11 January 1992 is doubtless only an interim stage in a process of change that began after the riots in Algiers in October 1988. The uncertain equilibrium could suddenly be upset by excessive gains by one of the parties and by the risk of elimination of the military who indirectly assured the stability of the whole.

    It is essential briefly to put into perspective the change that has taken place since 1988 in order to understand the immediate context of the coup d'état. President chadli was the central...

  3. (pp. None)

    It can be considered that, after the Gulf crisis, the positions of the main actors

    - the FIS, the army and the president - did not change. In the long term the FIS continued to be marked by the strategy of prudence and operating within the legal framework which characterised it from the first contacts of its future leaders with the government, long before its official recognition in September 1989. In the exceptional circumstances, it could however have been tempted to take advantage of the collapse of the state, or even to bring it about. But it was not unaware...

  4. (pp. None)

    This description of the actors and their strategies already gives an idea of the evolution of the system and the compromises arrived at. Several questions still arise and various scenarios can be postulated with differing probabilities that they will actually happen. In the short term one can only record events and analyse the internal or external constraints which affect the system. Reflection on the medium or long term leads to wider possibilities and makes it possible to envisage various combinations.

    The interruption of the electoral process in the first instance leaves one unanswered question: would the FIS have exercised a...

  5. (pp. None)

    The assassination of Muhammad Boudiaf and his replacement at the head of the High State Council by Ali Kafi do not change the basic factors presented in the above attempt to put the political situation in Algeria into perspective, written last March.

    Mr Boudiaf can be considered as an actor from outside who tried to achieve a degree of autonomy from the system. He was an inconvenience both to the Islamic extremists by his rejection of compromise and to the civilian and military technocrats by speaking out against corruption, not to mention his pro-Moroccan position in settling the question of...