Over the past decades, the European Union has pursued at least two distinct approaches (and policies) towards its immediate neighbourhoods:
an approach aimed, first and foremost, at stabilisation, mainly based on fostering regional cooperation and broad partnerships (regionalism); and
an approach (in addition to, or instead of, the above), aimed at integration proper, i.e. at bringing neighbouring countries directly into the EU through a bilateral process based on strict ‘conditionality’.
Arguably, both approaches are typical of the foreign and security policy of any regional power, and they are also fully legitimate, provided they are carried out with peaceful means. The...