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Research Report


Pál Dunay
Oleksandr Pavliuk
Wojciech Zajaczkowski
Edited by Monika Wohlfeld
Copyright Date: Jun. 1, 1997
Pages: 58
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. None)
    Monika Wohlfeld

    This chaillot Paper aims to assess the effects of the enlargement processes of European and transatlantic organizations (EU, WEU, NATO) on prospects for stability in Central and Eastern Europe.

    While it has never been announced which countries will make up the first group of new members of NATO/EU, and whether and how many subsequent ‘waves’ there will be, a number of countries will have to cope with a rebuttal of one of their major foreign policy ambitions. Even countries that have no illusions about their early membership are concerned about the consequences of selective enlargement - that is the political...

  2. (pp. None)
    Pál Dunay

    Both nations have a turbulent history and fundamentally different visions of their past. A good portion of the territory of Romania once belonged to Hungary when it was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. That era is remembered by Hungarians as one of economic boom and a certain level of democracy, whereas nations living under Hungarian domination most probably share the view that ‘for the Slovaks, Romanians, Jews, Gypsies and others under Hungarian domination, it was a period of often acute national persecution.’(10) There is a significant Hungarian minority, whose numbers are put at between 1,620,000 (official census) and two million,(11)...

  3. (pp. None)
    Wojciech Zajaczkowski

    Throughout the 20th century, the relationship between Poland and Lithuania has been a peculiar one, due to the fact that it has involved two nations which, for a few hundred years prior to the end of the 18th century, had been united as one state. The development of a modern, national consciousness in both societies at the turn of the 19th century proved to be a major obstacle to the reconstruction of the Polish- Lithuanian commonwealth in its previous form. Furthermore, it had a negative impact on the mutual relations of these two nations in the period between the two...

  4. (pp. None)
    Oleksandr Pavliuk

    Since medieval times, the histories of Ukrainians and Poles have been closely interrelated and interdependent. For centuries, both peoples lived within the same political entity - the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires, and the Polish Republic of the interwar period - thus nurturing and developing strong historic, cultural and personal links, and exerting reciprocal influence. This mutual enrichment and cohabitation has, however, almost always gone hand in hand with mutual misperceptions, protracted political tensions, national confrontation and even armed conflicts. The two countries’ inability to find understanding and establish a mutually beneficial political relationship has frequently been exploited...

  5. (pp. None)
    Monika Wohlfeld

    Countries that will not or may not be in the first wave of EU, WEU and/or NATO enlargement, for various periods of time and for various reasons, have voiced their concern that a new division of Europe might be created, which would adversely affect both their own security, bilateral and subregional (between two or more states in the immediate geographical proximity) relations, and overall continental stability.(106) Fears of a possible worsening of bilateral relations between new ‘ins' and ‘outs’ cannot be discounted easily. It is however also possible that the new ‘ins’ will be able to pursue a truly dynamic...