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Research Report

Enlargement and European defence after 11 September

Jiri Sedivy
Pal Dunay
Jacek Saryusz-Wolski
Edited by Antonio Missiroli
Copyright Date: Jun. 1, 2002
Pages: 77
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 7-10)
    Antonio Missiroli

    The jury is still out on the extent to which 11 September has changed the concept – let alone the perception – of security. All the more so for European security at large, whose contours are still quite blurred. As for the European Union proper, 11 September has triggered a prompt response in the field of internal security, while the military reaction has been either channelled through NATO and the UN or managed individually (and bilaterally with the United States) by both member and applicant states. More indirectly, 11 September has increased the pressure towards enlargement by pushing for a...

  2. (pp. 11-27)
    Jiri Sedivy

    This year the Czech Republic (CR) is entering a key period in terms of finalising its efforts to join the EU. Prague hopes to finish the accession negotiations with the Commission by the middle of 2002. The Czech government has set 1 January 2003 as the reference date by which the economic and political conditions for membership should be met and the CR should be ready for accession. Together with the other candidates, the Czechs were expected to formulate their ideas and suggestions as to the further institutional development of the Union at the Convention that started in March 2002....

  3. (pp. 28-54)
    Pal Dunay

    If 11 September 2001 remains a lasting, formative element of the history of international relations, it will be because it signalled the end of the post-Cold War era. Our thinking about international security and the doubts we have shared since the late-1980s changed overnight. The central element of the post-Cold War system was attacked asymmetrically by a non-state actor. The United States as a global player, and possibly the only one, had a unique role in determining the system of international security since the end of the Cold War. Its change of course and thinking has therefore unavoidably had global...

  4. (pp. 55-69)
    Jacek Saryusz-Wolski

    After the terrorist attacks against the United States (and indeed against the whole of Western civilisation) the official Polish position did not change substantially concerning either the future of the EU or the development of ESDP. It seems that the accession process did not undergo any dramatic evolution either. However, those developments did provide a certain amount of food for thought and may result in a slow evolution in Polish thinking on the question of European security. I would certainly hope that they will lead to a certain reassessment of the dominant philosophy

    If it is their ambition to become...

  5. (pp. 70-72)
    Antonio Missiroli

    First of all, there seems to be little doubt at this stage that all three countries analysed in this paper – Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic – will enter the European Union in the forthcoming wave of accessions. If anything, 11 September has made this clear once and for all. How many other fellow applicants will join them, although they are likely to be quite numerous, is not quite so clear.

    That said, all three Central European candidates have gone through an evolutionary (and learning) process as regards the development of ESDP: from scepticism and concern – that it...