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Research Report

EU security and defence: Core documents 2005

Copyright Date: Mar. 1, 2006
Pages: 458
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 11-16)

    On 26 December 2004, the tsunami that struck the coastal regions of the Indian Ocean resulted in one of the worst natural disasters in history, leaving almost 300,000 dead or missing people, with millions more injured and displaced. The response of the international community was immediate. For its part, the European Union implemented a series of measures to bring aid to the victims, to help the affected areas to recover and to explore how such a catastrophe might be prevented from happening again.

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    1. The Council expresses its sympathy and solidarity for the populations affected...

  2. (pp. 17-22)

    Thank you so much for giving me this opportunity to speak today to such a prestigious organisation as the Konrad Adenauer Foundation.

    Mr Chairman, as you mentioned in your introduction, the theme of today’s speech is Shaping an Effective EU Foreign Policy. This title is deceptively simple: without doubt we need a stronger and more capable Europe: it is the logical answer to the many challenges facing us and it is what many of our citizens are calling for. While we have made significant progress in the last few years – and I want to detail some of that progress...

  3. (pp. 23-28)

    Three electoral events – the election in November 2004 of the Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko, of the Iraqi National Assembly on 30 January 2005, and of several parliamentary candidates, among them Yasser Arafat’s successor, in the Palestinian elections – featured massive voter turnout at the ballot boxes. The Council of the European Union welcomed these three significant steps forward for democracy.

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    ‘1. The Council welcomes the holding of the Palestinian presidential elections and their free and fair nature. It voices its respect for the responsibility and democratic maturity shown by the Palestinian people. It...

  4. (pp. 29-29)

    On 1 February 2005, Javier Solana signed an agreement with the Moroccan ambassador, Menovar Alem, on Morocco’s participation in Operation Althea in Bosnia Herzegovina. Morocco, which has already participated in SFOR, is the only North African country to be involved in this operation, with 130 soldiers. It is also the first EU military operation in which Morocco has participated.

    On 25 November, the EU Council adopted the decision to launch Operation Althea in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). This decision follows the unanimous adoption on 22 November of UN Security Council Resolution 1575 and enabled the EU to launch Operation Althea...

  5. (pp. 30-38)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    ‘The Council firmly condemns the despicable attack which cost the life of the former President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon, Mr Rafic Hariri, and of at least fourteen other people.

    The Council pays tribute to the work done by the former President of the Council of Ministers of Lebanon for his country and for the strengthening of relations between Lebanon and the EU, and wishes an international enquiry to be carried out immediately in order to shed light on the circumstances of this attack and those responsible for it.

    In accordance with...

  6. (pp. 39-41)

    War in Iraq, the Kyoto Protocol, the arms embargo on China – there has been no shortage of transatlantic disagreements. However both in Europe and in the United States there is a real will to renew links so as to be able to promote peace and democracy in the world together. Javier Solana stressed that the visit of President Bush on 22 February might be an opportunity to ‘relaunch an action-oriented transatlantic partnership’.

    I am looking forward to the visit of President Bush to the European Union next Tuesday. The transatlantic tone is now refreshingly positive. And in diplomacy, tone...

  7. (pp. 42-44)

    At its third meeting, the Steering Board of the European Defence Agency lauded the Commission’s Green Paper on Defence Procurement initiative and requested that the Agency continue to support this work. A programme of work on European Defence Equipment Market (EDEM) issues was also approved.

    EDA welcomes the efforts of the Commission through their Green Paper on Defence Procurement. It identifies a number of important reasons for the creation of a European Defence Equipment Market (EDEM). In the more recent words of Commissioner Verheugen, ‘We must also accept that in the long run, competitiveness cannot be served by protectionism. What...

  8. (pp. 45-57)

    In the interests of reconstructing a stable and democratic Iraq in which human rights are respected, and which would be capable of building constructive relations with its neighbours, on 21 February 2005 the European Council gave its political agreement to launching EUJUST LEX, an integrated police, civilian administration and rule-of-law training mission. This mission must address the urgent needs of the Iraqi criminal justice system by providing training for high- and mid-level officials in senior management and criminal investigation. A document issued on 13 June 2005 including important data on the European programme of support to Iraq is attached as...

  9. (pp. 58-62)

    On 18 March 2005 the EU Defence Ministers gathered in Luxembourg, under the chairmanship of the Luxembourg Defence Minister Luc Frieden and in the presence of Javier Solana, for a meeting dedicated to European priorities in the field of security and defence. Javier Solana used this occasion to emphasize the necessity for the EU to maintain and increase its support to the African Union, especially in the DRC and in Darfur.

    The year 2005 will be a crucial year for the Western Balkans. While the overall direction is right, the situation is highly uneven in the various parts of the...

  10. (pp. 63-64)

    Je suis particulièrement heureux d’ouvrir les activités liées à l’ Etude d’Exercice EST 05 et de le faire en la présence des représentants du Département de Maintien de la Paix, Secrétariat des Nations Unies, et en particulier de M. Annabi et de son équipe.

    Cette activité d’exercice est une première. Tant dans sa planification que dans sa conduite, elle prévoit la participation du Département du Maintien de la Paix du Secrétariat des Nations Unies afin de traiter de questions qui nous intéressent en commun.

    Pour nous, c’est donc une expression concrète de l’importance que nous attachons à la coopération avec...

  11. (pp. 65-80)

    having regard to the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, signed in Rome on 29 October 2004,

    having regard to the European Security Strategy adopted by the European Council on 12 December 2003 , following an initiative in this connection by the Greek Presidency, the informal Council of Foreign Ministers (Kastellorizon, May 2003) and the conclusions of the Thessaloniki European Council (19-20 June 2003),

    having regard to its resolution of 30 November 2000 on the establishment of a common European security and defence policy after Cologne and Helsinki¹,

    having regard to its resolution of 10 April 2003 on the new...

  12. (pp. 81-84)

    Anxious to help the peace process in the Near East move forward, the Union created a Coordinating Office for Palestinian Police Support, in accordance with the Council’s pledge in June 2004 to ‘support the Palestinian Authority in taking responsibility for law and order and, in particular, in improving its civil police and law enforcement capacity.’

    Javier Solana, EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, made the following comments on the occasion of the establishment today in Ramallah of the European Union Coordinating Office for Palestinian Police Support:

    ‘I am pleased to announce that we are setting up the...

  13. (pp. 85-89)

    The Steering Board of the European Defence Agency agreed today on the aim that the Agency should gradually take over the activities, in particular those covering Research & Technology, of the Western European Armaments Group (WEAG) and the Western European Armaments Organisation (WEAO).

    The Steering Board, the principal decision-making body of the EDA on which the 24 participating member states are represented, was meeting for the first time in the formation of Research & Technology Directors. The meeting, the fourth Steering Board session since the Agency was created, was chaired by Mr Dirk Ellinger, R&T Director in the German Defence Ministry, on...

  14. (pp. 90-97)

    The Council took note of the Commission’s presentation of two communications¹ and a report from the Secretary-General/High Representative, Javier Solana, on the follow-up to the action plan launched by the Council for the regions affected by the earthquake and tidal wave in the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004.

    The Council instructed its preparatory bodies to prepare a more detailed debate on that basis, to take place in the presence of development ministers at the meeting on 23 and 24 May.

    Council adopted the following conclusions:

    ‘The Council encourages the swift formation of the Iraqi transitional government as an important...

  15. (pp. 98-104)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14, the third paragraph of Article 25, Article 26 and Article 28(3), first subparagraph thereof,


    (1) On 12 April 2005, the Council adopted Common Position 2005/304/CFSP concerning conflict prevention, management and resolution in Africa and repealing Common Position 2004/85/CFSP (¹).

    (2) On 22 November 2004, the Council approved an action plan for ESDP support to Peace and Security in Africa. It approved guidelines for implementing that Action Plan on 13 December 2004.

    (3) On 13 December 2004, the Council, in its conclusions, stated the EU’s readiness to...

  16. (pp. 105-113)

    Further to a decision at the EU/Russia Summit in St. Petersburg on 31 May 2003 to create in the long term a Common Economic Space, a Common Space of Freedom, Security and Justice, a Space of Co-operation in the field External Security, as well as a Space of Research and Education, including Cultural Aspects, in the framework of the Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA), the leaders of the EU and Russia today adopted a single package of road maps for the creation of the four Common Spaces (in annex). These Road Maps set out shared objectives for EU/Russia relations as...

  17. (pp. 114-117)

    Almost 50 years after the signature of the Treaty establishing the EEC, Europe was planning to acquire its own Constitution, whose aim was to reform and improve the functioning of the EU-25. The referenda on the Constitutional Treaty due to take place in France and in Holland were already giving cause for concern.

    The case for choosing Europe is as strong as ever. And yet, amongst some Europeans, self-doubt and hesitation has crept in. The fevered referendum debates in France and the Netherlands bear this out. But there is a wider sense of drift. When I travel around Europe, I...

  18. (pp. 118-121)

    1. In the context of implementation of the 2010 Headline Goal, the Council approved a Requirements Catalogue incorporating the results of the technical work done to date and elements of the iterative process between the EU Military Committee and the Political and Security Committee. The Catalogue will be the basis for future work. It contains considerations regarding strategic planning hypotheses, the five illustrative scenarios and an initial list of the capabilities required to meet the aims set in the 2010 Headline Goal. The Council will approve the final 2005 Requirements Catalogue once the operational analysis has been applied and its results...

  19. (pp. 122-131)

    It is of utmost importance to improve the EU’s military capabilities in order to meet the ambitions the EU set itself with the European Security Strategy (ESS) and the Headline Goal 2010;

    This year’s Requirements Catalogue is an important leap forward as it must reflect a new qualitative approach under the Headline Goal 2010. Outstanding work needs to be concluded before the end of the year;

    The Single Progress Report points to significant progress as regards battlegroups.

    As regards the European Capacity Action Plan (ECAP) Evaluation, I look forward to the implementation of measures that could help make the ECAP...

  20. (pp. 132-136)

    European Defence Ministers agreed today that more cooperation was urgently needed on up to 23 separate national programmes to acquire new armoured fighting vehicles (AFVs) for their armed forces.

    The ministers, meeting as the Steering Board of the European Defence Agency, instructed the Agency to work with governments planning for next generation AFVs to ensure that they would have as much in common as possible. That would include pooling efforts and resources on new technologies to improve protection whilst reducing weight, and even collaborative programmes.

    “This sector is a perfect example why the Agency is needed: these are the vehicles...

  21. (pp. 137-140)

    Le Conseil a décidé de lancer, le 8 juin 2005, une mission de conseil et d’assistance de l’Union européenne en matière de réforme du secteur de la sécurité en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) (la mission « EUSEC RD Congo »)¹.

    A cette occasion, le Haut Représentant pour la politique étrangère et de sécurité commune, M. Javier Solana, a déclaré:

    « C’est la première fois que l’Union déploie une mission d’assistance technique dans le domaine de la réforme du secteur de sécurité. Cette mission, tout comme la mission de police EUPOLKINSHASA et l’opération militaire ARTEMIS en 2003, témoigne de l’engagement...

  22. (pp. 141-145)

    Since January 2004, the EU and its member states have been helping the African Union to stablilize the situation in Darfur (Sudan). Apart from the Abuja talks and the Ceasefire Commission, they are active in the AMIS I and AMIS II operations. During the International Donors’ Conference which was held at Addis Ababa on 26 May, Javier Solana and Louis Michel outlined a substantial aid package, including in particular support in the fields of planning, logistics, air transportation, and training, as well as the enhancement of aerial observation capacities.

    Si nous sommes réunis aujourd’hui, c’est parce qu’une crise humanitaire dramatique...

  23. (pp. 146-147)

    In the referendum of 29 May, the French massively rejected the European Constitution. This was the first time that France had voted negatively on a European treaty. Reflecting a general sense of dissatisfaction, but also revealing a certain fragility in the European project as a whole, this NO vote caused consternation throughout the capitals of Europe.

    The people of France have spoken and its majority has decided not to support the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe. Of course I respect this choice, but I am equally sorry to learn of this outcome. It will be no surprise that I...

  24. (pp. 148-194)

    Delegations will find attached the Presidency conclusions of the Brussels European Council (16 and 17 June 2005).

    1. The meeting of the European Council was preceded by an expose by the President of the European Parliament, Mr Josep Borrell, followed by an exchange of views.

    2. The European Council welcomes the signing of the Accession Treaty in Luxembourg on 25 April 2005, which marks a further important step towards the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union. Those countries will now participate in the proceedings of the European Council, the Council and its preparatory bodies as active observers.

    3. The European...

  25. (pp. 195-212)

    1. We remain committed to combining and accelerating our efforts in support of Africa and its leadership, while acknowledging its ownership of present and future African development.

    2. We share the same belief that solidarity is an essential principle that should guide our action and that we, together with all other members of the international community, have an obligation to assist African efforts in the quest for peace, stability, democracy and prosperity. We share the same objectives with poverty eradication as the primary aim of our relations with the developing world and we therefore undertake to increase our efforts to achieve sustainable...

  26. (pp. 213-217)

    At the request of the new Iraqi transitional government, an international conference with Iraq, co-hosted by the European Union and the United States, was held at Foreign Minister level in Brussels on 22 June. The aim was to provide Iraq with a forum where it could present its priorities and strategy for the transition period leading to the next elections at the end of the year. It was also an opportunity to mobilise international support. The conference was structured around three main themes: the political process, economic challenges and reconstruction, and public order and rule of law.

    ‘I am deeply...

  27. (pp. 218-233)

    The presidency expressed gratitude to colleagues for their expressions of sympathy and solidarity after the London attacks of 7 July 2005. The Council adopted conclusions on this issue (see below) and condemned the latest attacks in Turkey and Iraq.

    ‘The Council condemned the terrorist attacks on London and sent its profound condolences to the victims and their families. The Union stands together as it did after the attacks on Madrid last year. The attacks are an affront to everything that the European Union stands for. The Union is absolutely determined that the terrorists will not succeed. The Council underlined the...

  28. (pp. 234-242)

    The Council adopted a Joint Action establishing a European Security and Defence College (ESDC), a network of national institutes, colleges, academies and institutions within the EU dealing with security and defence policy issues and the European Union Institute for security studies.

    The ESDC will establish links with the EU institutions, providing training in the field of the European security and defence policy (ESDP) at the strategic level in order to develop and promote a common understanding of ESDP among civilian and military personnel, and to identify and disseminate, through its training activities, best practice in relation to various ESDP issues....

  29. (pp. 243-247)

    1. The eighth China-EU Summit was held in Beijing on 5 September 2005. Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council of China attended the meeting on behalf of the People’s Republic of China. The EU was represented by the President of the European Council, Prime Minister Tony Blair of the UK, President of the European Commission, Mr. José Manuel Barroso, and Secretary General of the Council of the EU and High Representative for the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy, Mr. Javier Solana.

    2. Leaders of the two sides reviewed the development of China-EU relations and celebrated the 30th anniversary of the...

  30. (pp. 248-249)

    India and the EU, as the largest democracies in the world, share common values and beliefs that make them natural partners in the modern inter-connected world. We share a common commitment to democracy, pluralism, human rights and the rule of law and seek to pursue economic progress and prosperity for our peoples in a peaceful, stable and secure global environment.

    The fifth Summit at The Hague on 8 November 2004 endorsed the India-EU Strategic Partnership. This is a qualitative transformation in the way we engage as equal partners and work together in partnership with the world at large. Today in...

  31. (pp. 250-261)

    For the first time, the European Union decided to get involved in Asia within the framework of ESPD and to launch a monitoring mission in Aceh (the Aceh Monitoring Mission) in Indonesia. This decision demonstrated not only its commitment to the Aceh peace process but also its eagerness to promote partnership with the countries of South-East Asia.

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 and third subparagraph of Article 25 thereof,


    (1) The European Union (EU) is committed to promote a lasting peaceful settlement to the conflict in Aceh (Indonesia) and to increase...

  32. (pp. 262-264)

    In December 2004, the European Council agreed to open accession negotiations with Turkey on 3 October 2005, on the condition, among others, that Turkey sign the ‘Ankara Agreement Protocol.’ Turkey did so on 29 July 2005, but with the proviso that this protocol did not entail ‘any form of recognition of the Republic of Cyprus.’ On 21 September, the EU adopted a ‘counter-declaration.’

    The declaration below by the European Community and its Member States was adopted today¹, following the declaration made by Turkey upon signature on 29 July 2005 of the Ankara Agreement Protocol:

    ‘1. The European Community and its...

  33. (pp. 265-271)

    Mesdames, Messieurs, chers amis,

    Nul besoin de vous dire la joie de vous retrouver cette année. Désormais, en septembre, après le rendez-vous « diplomatique » new-yorkais de l’Assemblée générale, il y a le rendez- vous « stratégique » parisien de l’Institut. Et j’en remercie très chaleureusement Nicole Gnesotto.

    Le moment aujourd’hui est particulier. Différent de ce que nous aurions pu espérer. C’est un fait.

    Beaucoup d’encre a coulé. Beaucoup d’analyses ont été développées sur les raisons profondes des « non » aux referenda en France et aux Pays-Bas. Je ne vais pas m’attarder là-dessus. Mais – vous vous en doutez...

  34. (pp. 272-283)

    The Council approved a framework for negotiations with Turkey on its accession to the EU, as mandated by the European Council last December, thus enabling the negotiations to begin immediately after the meeting.

    The Council gave the go-ahead to accession negotiations with Croatia, after a ministerial task force gave a positive assessment of Croatia’s cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), enabling the negotiations to begin immediately after the meeting.

    It adopted the following conclusions:

    ‘The Council recalled that in March 2005 it had confirmed that Croatia was a candidate country for accession and had agreed...

  35. (pp. 284-289)

    I am delighted to be able to be with you this morning and mark this occasion full of historic significance. Today we are celebrating three anniversaries: the foundation of the Bundeswehr and your entry into NATO 50 years ago and the 15th anniversary of German unification.

    I want to pay tribute to Germany’s enormous contribution to European security and stability over these years, through your active participation in both NATO and the European Union. I remember well from my time as Secretary-General of NATO, how Germany played a crucial role in the many crucial decisions that we took over that...

  36. (pp. 290-294)

    Meeting at Lyneham, the defence ministers examined military capability issues, the role of the European Defence Agency, the regional crises in which the EU is involved and the future of the ESPD. They attended a demonstration of air-to-air refuelling and decided to work together with a view to acquiring more aircraft specialised in this domain.

    On the way ahead concerning EUFOR/Althea and EUPM: There is need to maintain the current operational strength of EUFOR in order to continue providing deterrence. Organised crime, corruption, failings in the rule of law and governance continue to be one of the main threats to...

  37. (pp. 295-308)

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:

    ‘The Council recalled the European Security Strategy and reviewed the EU’s support for international peace and security in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and noted the important contribution that community programmes make to these objectives.

    The Council recalled its commitment to support the Palestinian Authority in taking responsibility for law and order and, in particular, in improving its civil police and law enforcement capacity. In this context the Council decided to launch a Civilian ESDP Police Mission to the Palestinian Territories to...

  38. (pp. 309-312)

    The deployment of a customs control and monitoring mission on the Transnistrian segment of the Moldovan-Ukrainian border marked an important step forward in the cooperation between these two countries and the European Union in the fight against weapons trafficking, smuggling, organised crime and corruption. The mandate of the Special Representative for Moldova was modified to take account of the tasks pertaining to this mission, due to be officially launched on 30 November 2005 (EU BAM Moldova/Ukraine).

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Articles 14, 18(5) and 23(2) thereof,


    (1) On 23 March 2005, the...

  39. (pp. 313-324)

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 and the third subparagraph of Article 25 thereof,


    (1) The European Union, as part of the Quartet, is committed to assisting and facilitating the implementation of the Roadmap, which lays out reciprocal steps by the Israeli Government and the Palestinian Authority in the political, security, economic, humanitarian, and institution building fields, that will result in the emergence of an independent, democratic, and viable Palestinian state living side by side in peace and security with Israel and its other neighbours.

    (2) The European Council of 17 and...

  40. (pp. 325-325)

    In comments made today in Jerusalem at a joint press conference with US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Quartet Special Envoy Jim Wolfensohn, Javier Solana, EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy welcomed the agreement reached earlier in the day between the parties on movement and access to and from Gaza, including the agreed principles for Rafah crossing, and stressed the EU’s future role in the framework of that agreement.

    “I think this is a very, very important agreement. It has taken a long time to finalise but it will give the Gaza disengagement its full...

  41. (pp. 326-327)

    The MILEX 2005 exercise marks the involvement of the EU OHQ in the planning and conduct of large-scale EU crisis management exercises. This takes place as part of ongoing European training procedures whose purpose is, through regular military exercises of this nature, to test the different crisis management capacities available to the EU.

    The European Union (EU) will conduct a military exercise (MILEX 05)¹ from 22 November to 1 December 2005 in the framework of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). The EU is conducting this type of exercise (MILEX) for the first time.

    MILEX 05 will focus on...

  42. (pp. 328-339)

    Defence ministers discussed the EU military operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, EUFOR Althea.

    The Council adopted the following conclusions:


    1. On the tenth anniversary of the Dayton/Paris Peace Agreement, which made a historic contribution to peace and stability in the region, the Council reviewed developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It applauded the progress that Bosnia and Herzegovina has made in the ten years since the end of the war.

    2. The Council warmly welcomed the fact that the progress made by Bosnia and Herzegovina had now made it possible for the Commission to recommend the opening of negotiations on...

  43. (pp. 340-345)

    Je me réjouis du solide résultat obtenu dans l’identification du besoin militaire pour la conduite de nos opérations, en ligne avec l’approche qualitative de l’objectif global 2010. Cependant, des lacunes continuent à exister. Il faut que les nouveaux outils que nous développons nous servent à combler effectivement ces lacunes. Il nous appartiendra de donner toute l’attention et l’impulsion politique à ce processus.

    En ce qui concerne les groupements tactiques, les travaux conceptuels ont progressé. Lors de la conférence de coordination du 9 novembre, nous avons pu confirmer les offres indicatives pour les périodes à venir ainsi que les engagements de...

  44. (pp. 346-358)

    1. The role of civilian crisis-management in the EU’s support for international peace and security continues to grow. Considerable progress has been made over the last year in making civilian ESDP more active, with the number and scope of civilian crisis-management operations increasing markedly. The EU has launched new civilian missions to monitor implementation of the peace process in Aceh, support the stabilisation process in the Democratic Republic of Congo, support the Iraqi rule of law sector and the reform of Palestinian civil police. The EU continues to contribute to building police capacity in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the Former...

  45. (pp. 359-363)

    The EDA Steering Board,

    recalling the Conclusions of its second meeting on 22 November 2004, and its direction to the Agency to bring forward proposals on the European Defence Equipment Market (EDEM);

    recalling subsequent direction given by the Steering Board, meeting in National Armaments Directors (NADs) formation on 2 March 2005, on a work programme to provide the basis for a decision on whether or not to proceed with a voluntary, nonbinding intergovernmental regime to encourage competition in defence procurement in the Article 296 area on a fair and transparent basis;

    recalling the European Commission’s efforts to facilitate the development...

  46. (pp. 364-372)

    The police mission in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (EUPOL PROXIMA) being scheduled to terminate on 14 December 2005, the Council decided, in agreement with the government of the FYROM, to set up an advisory team (EUPAT) which will, until May 2006, help in the creation of an efficient and professional police service based on European standards of policing.

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union and, in particular Article 14, the third subparagraph of Article 25, Article 26 and Article 28(3) thereof,


    (1) Pursuant to the Ohrid Framework Agreement, the Union’s contribution is based upon a...

  47. (pp. 373-380)

    The EUPM, operational since January 2003 in Bosnia Herzegovina, is the first operation launched by the EU in the framework of the ESDP. Undertaken in order to support local police in developing a police infrastructure as well as in the fight against organised crime and corruption, it was due to come to an end on 31 December 2005. The Council decided to extend it until December 2007.

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union and, in particular, Article 14 and the third subparagraph of 25 thereof,


    (1) On 11 March 2002, the Council adopted Joint Action 2002/210/CFSP(1) on...

  48. (pp. 381-387)

    On the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the Barcelona Declaration in November 1995, the leaders of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership pledge their renewed commitment to the objective of achieving a common area of peace, stability and prosperity in the Mediterranean region through ongoing dialogue, exchange and co-operation. They reaffirm that this objective requires a comprehensive approach to enhancing security, the just resolution of regional conflicts, strengthening democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights, sustainable and balanced economic and social development, measures to combat poverty and exclusion, and the promotion of greater understanding between cultures and peoples.


  49. (pp. 388-399)

    On 15 November 2005, Israel and the Palestinian Authority came to a definitive agreement on Rafah, the designated border crossing point between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, which, due to Israel’s withdrawal from Gaza, was to be placed under Palestinian control before the end of 2005. The European Union was therefore asked to set up a border assistance mission there, whose operational phase was to start on 25 November.

    Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14 and the third subparagraph of Article 25 thereof,


    (1) The European Union, as part of the Quartet,...

  50. (pp. 400-454)

    11. The European Council underlines the importance of a comprehensive and proportionate response to the threat from terrorism. The European Council adopts the EU Counter Terrorism Strategy (doc. 14469/4/05 REV 4) which sets out a framework for work to prevent radicalisation and the recruitment to terrorism, to protect citizens and infrastructure, to pursue and investigate terrorists, and to improve the response to the consequences of attacks. The European Council notes that the EU Counter-Terrorism Action Plan, the instrument for tracking implementation, is being revised to ensure full coherence with the new Strategy.

    12. The European Council also welcomes the progress made on...