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Research Report

EU-US burdensharing:: who does what?

Gustav Lindstrom
Copyright Date: Sep. 1, 2005
Pages: 122
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 9-12)

    This Chaillot Paper examines burdensharing patterns between the United States and Europe, focusing in particular on the time period since the 9/11 attacks. It does so by analysing military and civilian burdensharing activities undertaken to address the high-priority challenges identified in the 2002 US National Security Strategy (NSS) and the 2003 European Security Strategy (ESS). The four principal questions addressed in the paper are as follows:

    1. What are the principal security challenges facing the United States and Europe?

    2. Given these security challenges, what are the main military and civilian tools available to address them?

    3. What are the patterns of transatlantic...

  2. (pp. 13-26)

    This chapter provides a brief overview of the evolution of the burdensharing concept and present-day global challenges. It begins with a discussion of burdensharing during the Cold War and proceeds to show how burdensharing mechanisms grew beyond the confines of NATO after the Cold War ended. The traditional model based on a regional focus (Europe) that relied on military might has given way to an increasingly global concept that requires both military and civilian power to manage the shared threats. Using the US National Security Strategy (NSS) and the European Security Strategy (ESS) as a guiding framework, the chapter then...

  3. (pp. 27-60)

    Military contributions play an important role in addressing the key threats identified in the NSS and the ESS. While military tools will often be used in combination with civilian assets to address security threats, the focus in this chapter is on traditional military indicators, such as defence spending, and personnel contributions to ongoing operations.28 The chapter also reviews contributions towards peacekeeping operations and UN missions. It begins with an overview of financial burdensharing indicators and then looks at personnel contributions to the different missions consistent with the objectives highlighted in the security strategies of the United States and the EU....

  4. (pp. 61-78)

    As discussed in Chapter 1, the global landscape has changed extensively since the Cold War – both in terms of key threats and the international security landscape. Whereas the concept of burdensharing traditionally emphasized military contributions, today civilian burdensharing is increasingly viewed as a vital ingredient for addressing global security challenges. Civilian contributions can take a variety of forms, ranging from official development assistance to efforts to eradicate global disease. This chapter examines various types of civilian burdensharing.

    Defining civilian burdensharing is a complex task. First, while a lot of data is collected on a wide variety of civilian activities,...

  5. (pp. 79-82)

    What have we learned about EU-US military and civilian burdensharing in the years since the September 11th 2001 attacks? A number of observations can be made, particularly with respect to the high-priority challenges identified in the US and EU security strategies.

    First, the end of the Cold War transformed the concept of burdensharing for security. With the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, NATO’s primary role of countering a potential military attack in Europe disappeared. Burdensharing would no longer be something that exclusively took place in Europe within the confines of NATO. Likewise, the emergence of conflicts on Europe’s doorstep forced...