As the preceding chapters demonstrate, the tasks which confront the European Union in the field of defence are numerous and often burdensome. They call for substantial efforts in all areas relevant to EDP:
fostering strategic and doctrinal convergence in a manner which is congruent with the development of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy;
moving EDP forward while maintaining, rather than weakening, the transatlantic relationship;
generating force capabilities relevant to the challenges of the post-Cold War era, not least the Helsinki ‘headline goal’;
mobilising the necessary financial and technological inputs through both a restructuring of defence spending patterns and...