The EU Security Strategy has identified the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction as ‘potentially the greatest threat to our security’. However, the fight against it is not at all a lost cause. This is the main conclusion that can be drawn from this Chaillot Paper.
In fact, an assessment of the different areas of proliferation allows us to highlight a number of encouraging facts.
1. The number of active ‘proliferators’ and their technological capabilities remain limited. Existing regimes have thus far been fairly successful in reducing both the scope and the pace of proliferation.
2. Deproliferation is possible: both Iran’s decision...