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Research Report

Global views on the European Union

Amitav Acharya
Marcel F. Biato
Babacar Diallo
Francisco E. González
Toshiya Hoshino
Terence O’Brien
Gerrit Olivier
Wang Yi
Edited by Martin Ortega
Copyright Date: Nov. 1, 2004
Pages: 139
OPEN ACCESS
https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep07006
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 9-12)
    Martin Ortega

    Over the last 25 years, the European regional integration process has advanced very quickly on four different fronts. During the 1980s, the Common Market and its associated freedoms (free movement of goods and of persons, the right to establish and freedom to provide services) were completed. The Maastricht Treaty on European Union (TEU) of 1992 added a second dimension, when it set up a monetary union and established a European Central Bank and shared budgetary rules – a development that was eventually confirmed by the introduction of the euro in January 2002. Also in the 1990s, as a result of...

  2. (pp. 13-26)
    Gerrit Olivier

    South Africa’s connection with Europe dates back to the discovery of the sea route around the Cape by the Portuguese navigator Bartholomew Dias in 1488, and more particularly, the establishment of a Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. From that time and up to the second half of the twentieth century, European involvement shaped the modern future of South Africa like no other single force.

    This involvement had two main overarching and far-reaching dimensions: exploitative and developmental/modernising. It was exploitative in the sense that a high price was exacted from many generations of black South Africans...

  3. (pp. 27-42)
    Babacar Diallo

    Malgré les liens historiques séculaires qui unissent l’Europe et l’Afrique, le dialogue formel au niveau continental entre les deux entités n’a été lancé qu’en avril 2000 au Caire lors du premier sommet UE-Afrique. Ce dialogue vise à bâtir un partenariat stratégique entre les deux continents, fondé sur des objectifs partagés et des valeurs communes, en complément des grands sommets UE-ACP. Les mutations profondes du contexte mondial imposent de repenser les relations entre l’UE et l’Afrique pour en mesurer les enjeux et leur permettre, avec une nouvelle ambition, de relever les défis géostratégiques actuels. La période post-coloniale et aprèsguerre froide est...

  4. (pp. 43-54)
    Marcel F. Biato

    Under the government of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Brazil’s foreign policy has continued to focus on changing the international status quo in areas critical to achieving the country’s development goals. Two interlinked issues are essential in this regard: reform of the international trade and finance regime and the aggiornamento of global collective security arrangements. The growing assertiveness of the European Union on these issues is seen in Brazil as something to be welcomed and encouraged.

    The gradual consolidation of the EU over recent decades has given new impetus to the longstanding ties Brazil maintains with EU member states.¹...

  5. (pp. 55-70)
    Francisco E. González

    A part of Mexico’s modern character is European. Between the sixteenth and the mid-nineteenth centuries, wars, trade, immigration, arts and science predominantly of European provenance forged Mexico’s heritage. This does not mean, however, that Mexico enjoys a special historical relationship with Europe, because similar claims can be made about the other 25 independent republics of continental Latin America and the Caribbean. Thus, in the words of the late Brazilian intellectual and diplomat José Guilherme Merquior, Latin America as a whole is ‘the other West’.¹ Two remarks can be added in this context. Firstly, the Western (European) world was transformed by...

  6. (pp. 71-82)
    Wang Yi

    Depuis 1975, l’établissement de relations officielles entre la Chine et la Communauté économique européenne a servi les intérêts de chacune des deux parties. Lors de leur premier sommet en 1998, la relation sino-européenne pour l’avenir a été définie comme « une relation de partenariat constructif stable et à long terme face au 21ème siècle » ; cinq ans plus tard, cette relation se développait à grand pas, et entrait dans une nouvelle période de coopération stratégique.

    L’année 2003 a été un tournant pour la relation sino-européenne. L’UE a en effet publié son 5e document concernant sa politique à l’égard de...

  7. (pp. 83-92)
    Toshiya Hoshino

    When the war in Iraq broke out in March 2003, Japan immediately found itself in a difficult situation. Clearly, Japan had its own policy priorities and politico-economic interests in this troubled part of the world. But, in determining its policies vis-à-vis Iraq, Japan had to take into consideration many factors, both international and domestic. Stability in Iraq was a prerequisite for peace in the Middle East as a whole, and the steady flow of oil from the Persian Gulf area largely depended on it. The need to stop the spread of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction (WMD) was a...

  8. (pp. 93-102)
    Amitav Acharya

    What role can regional institutions such as the European Union play in managing peace and security in today’s world? This chapter analyses the contribution that regional security arrangements make to global security and offers some ideas for reinforcing that contribution. The European experience, and more specifically the role of the EU in this respect, is used as the central example, and Asia is introduced as the most challenging test case for building regional security structures.¹

    During the Second World War, Winston Churchill saw regional security arrangements as the basis of a multipolar world order, which could ensure the balance of...

  9. (pp. 103-116)
    Terence O’Brien

    There is no country more physically distant from the European Union (EU) than New Zealand, whose perceptions of the European integration process date from the first enlargement of the European Economic Community (EEC) to include the United Kingdom in 1973. The foundations were then laid for a mature, complex but visibly unequal David and Goliath relationship. The experience of the first enlargement permeated NZ attitudes. Successive enlargements of the Union ever since have magnified substantially the task for NZ of maintaining, let alone improving, a rewarding relationship with the EU, even as the revolution in communications technology has reduced distance...

  10. (pp. 117-130)
    Martin Ortega

    The European Union’s newly asserted global role has not triggered negative reactions in the rest of the world. In the years to come, the EU might commission opinion polls in key third states in order to ascertain the evolution of public perception vis-à-vis the Union. But, for the time being, the EU does not appear to give rise to major concerns. If the collection of essays contained in this volume – written by knowledgeable academics and diplomats expressing themselves in a personal capacity – is a good sample of what the world thinks of the EU, the Union’s new international...