Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
Research Report

What model for CFSP?

Hans-Georg Ehrhart
Copyright Date: Oct. 1, 2002
Pages: 81
  • Cite this Item

Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 7-9)

    An opinion poll throughout Europe, conducted by Eurobarometer and released in July 2001, indicated increasing scepticism and indifference among Europeans towards the ongoing process of European integration.¹ Following these findings, EU foreign ministers acknowledged ‘that an abyss had opened up between European citizens and their institutions’.² The citizens of the four largest member countries in particular are increasingly dissatisfied with the way in which the EU is run.³ Belgian Foreign Minister Louis Michel concluded that ‘the link between the Union’s objectives and the actions it takes through its policies is no longer clear’.⁴

    Against this background, the heads of state...

  2. (pp. 10-22)

    Since the end of the Second World War, the European project and a number of conceptual models for its development have evolved side by side. These models have resulted in a mixture of competing political interests, normative designs and concepts of international order. For example, at the time of the Hague Conference and the creation of the Council of Europe in 1948, the idea of a ‘United States of Europe’ was discussed. Later on, the concept of European integration emerged. This soon absorbed several concepts of Europe, viewed both as a process and as a political goal. The model of...

  3. (pp. 23-66)

    As discussed above, the concept of security is changing, driven by the international environment. This is leading to a broader understanding of security beyond those interpretations that prevailed during the period of the East-West conflict and which were primarily focused on territorial defence and survival of the socio-political system, including its values and norms. Today, two critical questions are: whose security are we talking about, and what are the values to be defended? The answers are – as they always have been – normative. The crucial shift today is in regard to the beneficiary in security matters. On the one...

  4. (pp. 67-71)

    In this paper the principal question has been what guiding model (Leitbild) the EU should adopt with regard to CFSP/ESDP. A public discussion on this question is indispensable because of the increasing indifference shown by Europeans towards the EU and the security challenges that it has been facing since the end of the East-West conflict in general, and following the dramatic events of 11 September 2001 in particular.

    In the first chapter I have sought to present the political relevance of models as both abstract descriptions of reality and prescriptive formulas of policy objectives that represent basic values, norms and...