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Research Report


Pál Dunay
Przemyslaw Grudzinski
Andris Ozolins
Dan Pavel
Stefan Tafrov
Edited by Ian Gambles
Copyright Date: Oct. 1, 1995
Pages: 84
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. None)
    Ian Gambles

    Forty years ago, Karl Deutsch claimed that the North Atlantic area, Western Europe and North America, had developed a long way towards becoming a ‘security-community’, and put forward policy proposals designed to continue and strengthen the process of development. That security-community has proved itself strong and lasting, a guarantor of peace in Western Europe. This study is about extending that community eastwards, and makes the claim that a lasting peace is already beginning to be consolidated in the area of Central and East European that was under Soviet domination during the Cold War.

    What is a security-community? Deutsch defined it...

  2. (pp. None)
    Przemyslaw Grudzinski

    How can the institutions which have ensured the security of Western Europe for the last four decades and more be extended into Central Europe without drawing new lines of confrontation on the map of Europe? The contention of the authors of this chaillot Paper is that that task can only be accomplished against the backdrop of an expanding European security-community. A strategy for expanding the security-community would involve constructing multiple lines of communication on all possible levels between governments and between societies, dense networks of linkages and cooperation which would do justice to both the aspirations and the realities of...

  3. (pp. None)
    Dan Pavel

    If the political will of the new European democracies to achieve integration into Western structures were the deciding factor, then all of them, without exception, would have become full members already. But, important though such determination is, it is not sufficient.

    There are two main sets of reasons for this. First, there are external strategic considerations, which have a powerful impact on the decision-making process within both the Western institutions and their member states. The priority attached to these considerations is readily apparent in the current debate about NATO enlargement; it is fully discussed by Przemyslav Grudzinski, Andris Ozolins and...

  4. (pp. None)
    Pál Dunay

    Europe has never been a united continent. Historians have often divided it into three regions: Western, Central and Eastern Europe.(39) The frontiers between these regions marked the western and eastern perimeters of Mitteleuropa, including the territory of Poland and the Habsburg empire. This traditional three-way division was overshadowed by the East-West division after the end of World War II. Since bipolarity came to an end in the late 1980s Europe has remained divided, but the bipolar division has been replaced by a fragmentation which appears to recreate the three main historic regions. The frontiers of the three zones, however, are...

  5. (pp. None)
    Andris Ozolins

    How far can the eastward expansion of the European security-community go? This chapter focuses on the possibility of the Baltic states’ membership of the institutions of the European security-community, and examines the role of Russia in the dynamics of expansion.

    The current period of transition in the international system offers an opportunity for new, constructive solutions to national and international problems, especially from the perspective of the Central and East European countries, which suffered most from the artificial stability created by the Cold War world order. Most of these states, including the Baltic states, believe that the only way to...

  6. (pp. None)
    Stefan Tafrov

    Two types of interconnection underpin the existence of a security-community –

    the objective and the subjective. The objective interconnections are the networks of official and unofficial contacts among member countries, their economic interdependence, the common values and culture they share, and the geopolitical environment in which they must survive together. The subjective interconnections are the perceptions and self-perceptions of the member societies; a security-community in the Deutschian sense can emerge only when attitudes in the societies involved have evolved to the point where they reliably generate responsible behaviour and policies from their élites, particularly their political élites.

    Although the concept...

  7. (pp. None)
    Ian Gambles

    The goal of this chaillot Paper has been to present a Central and East European perspective on the prospects for bringing their own region into the zone of lasting peace which we call the European security-community. The five authors whose essays form the core of the paper can obviously speak only for themselves, not for their governments or their compatriots, and still less for the four WEU Associate Partner states not represented here. Nevertheless, the degree of unanimity among them is striking, and the differences remarkably slight -- little more than differences in emphasis. Consider three main points of agreement....