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Research Report


Ismail Kadare
Predrag Simic
Ljubomir Frckoski
Ylber Hysa
Edited by Dimitrios Triantaphyllou
Copyright Date: Apr. 1, 2001
Pages: 74
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 1-4)
    Dimitrios Triantaphyllou

    The recent change of regime in Yugoslavia is forcing a conceptual shift in outlook on the future of South-Eastern Europe.¹ To begin with, the ‘black hole’ is no more. Part of the difficulty in addressing the region’s pressing needs stems from the fact that the West basically shaped its policies in reaction to or with Slobodan Milosevic for the greater part of a decade. Now that Milosevic is no more, the West is faced with the reality of reinventing its policies. In other words, ‘what policies can bring stability and prosperity?’²

    In the Milosevic era, the focus was on containment...

  2. (pp. 5-16)
    Ismail Kadare

    It is obvious to any observer that the stability of the Balkan peninsula depends on two basic factors: first, the people who live there, and second, Europe (or more precisely Atlantic Europe). Neither the Marxist mentality, which glorifies the exclusive right of peoples to determine their own fate, nor the colonialist view of things, which adopts the opposite standpoint, finds any application today, and especially not in the Balkans. The peninsula can be considered as, at most, a part of the European house, and at the very least its backyard. But even if it is the latter, it must be...

  3. (pp. 17-36)
    Predrag Simic

    Ten years of war in former Yugoslavia brought the terms ‘Balkans’ and ‘balkanisation’ back into widespread use. By the beginning of the twentieth century, in the West these terms had become synonymous with political violence, ethnic conflicts and the fragmentation of states (Kleinstaaterei) that marked the break-up of the Ottoman Empire and the so-called ‘Eastern crisis’. At the time that the end of the bipolar division of Europe indicated the possibility of a new and peaceful order, the wars of the Yugoslav succession ‘brought wars back to Europe,’¹ showing the inability of the international community to ensure peace in a...

  4. (pp. 37-46)
    Ljubomir Frckoski

    Macedonia obtained its autonomy and independence (from former Yugoslavia) in a unique, peaceful, legitimate and legal manner, progressing towards democracy through a number of indispensable phases in the period 1990-91. These included: the first democratic and pluralist elections; the declaration of independence; and the new state Constitution, which was supported and acknowledged by the EU’s Badinter Commission. It should be noted that the negotiations and agreement for the peaceful withdrawal of the Yugoslav Army from Macedonia during 1991-92, and the withdrawal itself, passed without incident.

    Throughout this very difficult political process, and especially in the phase that followed (during which...

  5. (pp. 47-60)
    Ylber Hysa

    Over eighteen months have passed since NATO’s intervention in Kosova. A comment on the international community’s mission there, and the political developments in that land in general, are long overdue.

    There were different theories as to what the international community was to do from the moment it entered Kosova. Criticism at the start of the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) was voiced for various reasons. Some of it was based on the previous experience of similar UN missions in Bosnia, Rwanda and elsewhere. All these expectations, in a way, stemmed from a belief that this time the UN...

  6. (pp. 61-66)
    Dimitrios Triantaphyllou

    The most striking feature or aspect of the four chapters is the seeming prointerventionist rhetoric of their authors. That is to say, all four call for the active participation of the European Union (and the Euro-Atlantic community to a certain degree) in their affairs. The reasons vary, as do the criticisms of Europe’s role to date, but the message is clear.

    Ismail Kadare contends that: ‘It is obvious to any observer that the stability of the Balkan peninsula depends on two basic factors: first, the people who live there, and second, Europe (or more precisely Atlantic Europe).’ Predrag Simic wonders...