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Research Report

Ukraine:: Quo Vadis?

Sabine Fischer
Rosaria Puglisi
Kataryna Wolczuk
Pawel Wolowski
Edited by Sabine Fischer
Copyright Date: Feb. 1, 2008
Pages: 152
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 25-54)
    Pawel Wolowski

    The Orange Revolution in autumn 2004 brought Ukraine to the forefront of international attention. In early 2005, the new ‘Orange’ government promised radical reforms to make Ukraine an entirely democratic state with a market economy, invoking democratic values including the rule of law and development of a civil society. The promises included establishing the rule of law in the country, eliminating corruption, reform of the judicial system and creating transparent business rules. Although the cabinets headed by Tymoshenko and Yekhanurov took some measures related to those issues, the promise of a general reconstruction of the state was not fulfilled before...

  2. (pp. 55-86)
    Rosaria Puglisi

    With the crystallisation of pro-European positions among the leading figures of the country’s economic elite in the aftermath of the Orange Revolution, the century-long Ukrainian dilemma of choosing between an East-oriented and West-oriented foreign policy gained new momentum. In their effort to acquire social legitimisation, to consolidate their ownership rights and to expand control over business assets across Ukraine’s borders, a number of prominent Ukrainian businessmen became active supporters of Ukraine’s engagement in the international community, thus playing a potentially important role in the setting of their country’s foreign policy preferences.

    Following President Yushchenko’s election, commitment towards Ukraine’s European orientation,...

  3. (pp. 87-118)
    Kataryna Wolczuk

    The launch of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) coincided with the Orange Revolution in Ukraine. This conjuncture of events accounts for what has amounted to a fundamental shift in Ukraine’s policy towards the EU. Until 2004, relations with the EU were largely perceived as belonging to the domain of foreign policy and were regarded as of little relevance to domestic politics and policy-making. Since 2005, however, ‘European integration’ has become a matter of domestic policy-making.

    It is thanks to the ENP that the EU stepped in to provide a more detailed and explicit blueprint for the Ukrainian authorities in the...

  4. (pp. 119-146)
    Sabine Fischer

    After his election in December 2004 Viktor Yushchenko turned the tide of Ukrainian foreign policy by replacing the ‘multi-vector’ policy of his predecessor with a clear orientation towards the EU and NATO. This ‘turn towards the West’ was accompanied by Kyiv’s aspirations to regional leadership and the promotion of a belt of democratic states along the EU’s eastern borders. In order to attain these goals, Kyiv sought to promote the revival of GUAM,¹ which later on was flanked by the Community of Democratic Choice (CDC). Another important regional initiative addressed the resolution of the protracted conflict in Transnistria. At the...