Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
Research Report


Winrich Kühne
Guido Lenzi
Alvaro Vasconcelos
Copyright Date: Dec. 1, 1995
Pages: 54
  • Cite this Item

Table of Contents

  1. (pp. None)
    Alvaro Vasconcelos

    There is undoubtedly growing pressure on European states (and not merely the former colonial powers, as in the Cold War days) to intervene militarily in Africa, and to lend political, economic and even military support to the restoration of peace and the transition to democracy. Many European countries, both within the framework of the United Nations and the European Union, and also individually, have indeed responded and been recently engaged in Africa, including militarily. This has been the case even for countries less obviously associated with Africa, such as Germany. New issues are therefore emerging which beg the following question:...

  2. (pp. None)
    Winrich Kühne

    Africa has a rich history of peacekeeping. In 1956 UNEF,(23) which is generally considered to be the first United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission, was deployed in the Sinai, bordering on the African continent. In the early 1960s ONUC(24) was for a long time the largest peacekeeping mission, and was also quite controversial. Numbering almost 20,000 it was tasked with securing the political stability of the young Congo republic (later renamed Zaire). Its mandate had to be extended to prevent the secession of the mineral-rich province of Katanga. As in Somalia three decades later, it was necessary to authorize the use...

  3. (pp. None)
    Guido Lenzi

    The use of military forces has evolved from the primary task of territorial defence. It now includes peacekeeping and humanitarian intervention. The body of relevant international law established by the UN charter and developed in Security Council resolutions has provided the necessary legitimacy and political underpinning for this evolution. In addition, practice and experience have refined the process of adjustment of this new aspect of cooperative security, adapting it to specific circumstances.

    Fundamentally, whereas the right to individual and collective self-defence and the protection of vital interests is obvious (and inscribed in Article 51 of the charter of the United...