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Research Report


Luisa Vierucci
Copyright Date: Dec. 1, 1993
Pages: 44
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. None)

    The Cold War prevented the implementation of the collective security system foreseen in the charter of the United Nations. Collective security at a global level was blocked by the vetoes which the superpowers could impose in the United Nations Security Council. At a regional level the existing organisations, such as the Organisation of American States, were unable to take the lead as they lacked internal cohesion, and because of the risk of veto of their action by the permanent members of the Security Council. The Atlantic Alliance and the Warsaw Pact were military alliances which were dominated by the superpowers....

  2. (pp. None)

    International law, as a collection of customary rules, comes from the European states which have, over the centuries, formed the centre of the international system.

    Since the end of the eighteenth century, legal opinion has considered European public law to be a law having a universal vocation, applicable even to ‘oriental nations’.(3) This Eurocentric view of international law persisted up to the beginning of the twentieth century, when in America(4) the debate began on the juridical rules appropriate for that continent. The debate on regionalism became increasingly important as the new states of Africa and Asia entered the international community...

  3. (pp. None)

    From the signature in 1954 of the Paris Agreements until 1984, WEU was not an organisation which was very active in the field of international peacekeeping and security, but the extraordinary Ministerial Council held in Rome in October 1984(32) gave it new impetus by deciding on the new political objectives which member countries intended to pursue and also the institutional reform of WEU. The reactivation of WEU was also announced in the ‘Platform on European Security Interests’ approved by the Council in The Hague on 27 October 1987.(33) This Platform was concerned with the criteria to be observed for improving...

  4. (pp. None)

    The nature of the coordination between WEU and the United Nations has changed because of the increased institutionalisation and importance of WEU. As long as the member states of WEU lacked the political determination to make WEU the forum in which decisions on security matters were taken, the organisation could not be considered by the United Nations as a body representing a given position. That is why, during the two crises in the Gulf, the Security Council addressed members of the world organisation exclusively, even if its resolutions concerned the use of forces from WEU countries.

    Even after the Maastricht...

  5. (pp. None)

    The complexity and number of disputes with which the Security Council is called upon to deal by virtue of its prime responsibility in international peacekeeping and security, conferred on it by Article 24 of the charter of the United Nations, makes the assistance of regional groupings necessary. The latter can provide a rapid and definitive solution to local crises thanks to their direct and often greater knowledge of the region’s problems.

    WEU’s treaty occupies a special place among regional treaties. It sets up a selfdefence mechanism and lays down the principle of concerted action by the High Contracting Parties in...