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Research Report

CSDP between internal constraints and external challenges

Eva Gross
Anand Menon
Copyright Date: Oct. 1, 2013
Pages: 80
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Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 3-4)
    Antonio Missiroli

    Since the December 2012 European Council decided to devote its final meeting of 2013 to discuss defence-related issues, the debate over the present and future of what the French call l’Europe de la défense has received a new lease of life. It had remained dormant over the past few years (although not of course within the ‘security community’), mainly due to the fact that in recent times defence and other policy areas have been somewhat eclipsed by the financial and economic crisis that has engulfed Europe. Then the same crisis started having an ever bigger impact on the Union’s external...

  2. (pp. 5-10)
    Eva Gross and Anand Menon

    Improving Europe’s military and civilian capabilities in a shifting security environment represents a major challenge for the EU and its member states. For one thing, European countries are having to contend with a climate of economic austerity that makes arguments in favour of investment in defence less convincing than they may (or may not) have been in more affluent times; second, broader geopolitical and strategic trends point towards Europeans assuming greater responsibility for their own security and the protection of European interests abroad; finally, the changing nature of conflict and projections concerning the coming decades call for a recalibration of...

  3. (pp. 11-24)
    William Wallace

    It’s very good to be here. A bit like old times. I was shocked this morning to be reminded of an article I wrote 30 years ago on just this subject.

    I have been a think tanker, an academic and now a Government Spokesperson for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. I have worked on these issues since the 1960s. But I am here today, to give you the Coalition perspective, which is roughly a cross-government view too. On this I think there is broad agreement among officials, ana­lysts and politicians.

    I will outline the Government’s assessment of our Common Security...

  4. (pp. 25-50)
    Clara Marina O’Donnell

    In response to the fall in defence spending in many EU countries, numerous European experts and politicians are worried about trends in global military budgets and the state of Europe’s defence industries.

    But some of the concerns among European policymakers are excessive. EU states con­tinue to host some of the best defence companies in the world, and they still produce and export some of the best military equipment. Sweden has allegedly increased its exports fourfold in as many years, with one of the world’s strictest export control regimes.

    US military research and development (R&D) spending clearly surpasses combined European spending....

  5. (pp. 51-68)
    Anand Menon

    The European Council meeting of December 2013 has become the focus of much excited attention. For many, the discussions on defence that will be held represent a unique opportunity for Europeans to equip themselves to confront the security challenges generated by an increasingly volatile international system. Even those apparently most sceptical about the EU’s CSDP seem to concede that Europeans need to do more together in order to be able to act effectively at all. As the British government acknowledges (see William Wallace’s contribution to this volume), the ‘need for Europeans to work together to improve their defence capabilities has...