Skip to Main Content
Have library access? Log in through your library
Research Report

The European Security Strategy 2003-2008: Building on Common Interests

EDITED BY Álvaro de Vasconcelos
Giovanni Grevi
Damien Helly
Daniel Keohane
Álvaro de Vasconcelos
Marcin Zaborowski
Foreword by Helga Schmid
Copyright Date: Feb. 1, 2009
Pages: 80
  • Cite this Item

Table of Contents

  1. (pp. 5-7)
    Helga-Maria Schmid

    The European Security Strategy was adopted in December 2003, a landmark in the development of our Common Foreign and Security Policy. In December 2007, the European Council tasked Javier Solana with reviewing implementation over the last five years. His implementation report, entitled ‘Providing Security in a Changing World’, was presented to the European Council in December 2008. This report does not supplant the European Security Strategy, which remains fully valid, but examines how it has fared in practice, and what more needs to be done.

    As Director of his Policy Unit, I was closely involved in the preparation process. During...

  2. (pp. 14-16)

    In December 2003 the European Union adopted a common security strategy whose title, ‘A secure Europe in a better world’, reflected its ultimate goal. Drafted under the guidance of the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana, this document was meant to define the security challenges confronting the Union and to provide a common sense of purpose to the EU in shaping the international system and contributing to world peace. The rationale behind the European Security Strategy (ESS) is to support a multilateral system of world governance that can deliver international peace and security. Effective multilateralism...

  3. (pp. 17-24)

    The departure point of this report is that the EU has a distinctive approach to security that is coherent with its founding values and principles. This applies to internal as well as to external security. The European security culture is the natural consequence of the Union’s integration process. At its core lies the delegitimisation of power politics - with peace as the major objective of EU foreign and security policy. Thus Clausewitz’s famous dictum that war is a continuation of politics by other means could be rephrased as follows: for the EU, peace is the natural component of state policy,...

  4. (pp. 25-57)

    The nature of the strategic debate launched in December 2007 was the subject of broad agreement, although there were different nuances of opinion regarding the scope and ultimate purpose of the exercise. It was stressed that the parameters of the review of the implementation of the ESS had been set by the European Council and that the reach and ambition of the ongoing process needed to be framed in that context. Some participants argued that the door should be left open for further developments and additions in the light of the momentous changes in the international system (see below). Many...